Arabic Alphabet Letter

How Many Letters In The Arabic Alphabet? Download PDF

How Many Letters In The Arabic Alphabet? Quick answer, There are 28 letters in the Arabic alphabet, which is the primary script of many languages spoken in countries such as Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, and Saudi Arabia.

Arabic Alphabet Letter

The Arabic alphabet is also used as a secondary script in some languages in Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen. It has been adapted to other languages such as Persian, Urdu, and Pashto.

No. Of Letters 28
No. Of Consonants 28
No. Of Vowels 6
Phonemes 36
Diphthongs 2
Script Abjad
First & Last Letter Alif & Bari Ye

How Many Letters In The Alphabets of Arabic?

The Arabic alphabet is called Al-abjadiyah and has 28 letters. All of the letters are consonants, and most have four different forms. Vowels do exist in the Arabic language, but they are not represented by specific letters.

Instead, they are indicated by diacritical marks above or below the consonants that they precede or follow. The Arabic alphabet is written from right to left and is believed to have originated in the 4th century CE.

Table Details

  • A – Serial Number
  • B – Arabic Letters
  • C – Arabic Name Script
  • D – Letter Name in English
  • E – English Equivalent
1 ا أَلِف Alif ahh
2 ب بَاء/بَه Ba b
3 ت تَاء/تَه Ta t
4 ث ثَاء/ثَه Theh th
5 ج جِيم Jim zh
6 ح حَاء/حَه Ha soft


7 خ خَاء/خَه Kha no equivalent
8 د دَال/دَاء/دَه Dal d
9 ذ ذَال/ذَاء/ذَه Dhal th
10 ر رَاء/رَه Ra r
11 ز زَاي/زَين/زَاء/زَه Za z
12 س سِين Sin s
13 ش شِين Shin sh
14 ص صَاد Sad no equivalent
15 ض ضَاد/ضَاء/ضَه D’ad no equivalent
16 ط طَاء/طَه Dha no equivalent
17 ظ ظَاء/ظَه Dh’a no equivalent
18 ع عَيْن ‘Ain no equivalent
19 غ غَيْن Ghain no equivalent
20 ف فَاء/فَه Feh f
21 ق قَاف Qaf no equivalent
22 ك كَاف/كَاء/كَه Kaf k
23 ل لاَم Lam l
24 م مِيم Mim m
25 ن نُون Nun n
26 ه هَاء/هَه Ha’a h
27 و وَاو Waw w/oo
28 ي يَاء/يَه Yah y/ee

Arabic alphabet with English

The Arabic alphabet is one of the most unique alphabets in the world. It consists of 28 letters, all of which are consonants. 

The letters are written from right to left and have different shapes depending on where they appear in a word.

The Arabic alphabet is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. Once you know the basic shapes of the letters, you can begin to read and write simple words. With a little practice, you’ll be able to read and write Arabic with ease.

Arabic alphabet for beginners

Learning the Arabic alphabet is essential for anyone who wants to study the Arabic language. There are 28 letters in the Arabic alphabet, all pronounced differently than their English counterparts. 

While it may seem daunting at first, it will become second nature with a little practice. Here are a few tips to help you get started:

  1.  Start by learning the basic shapes of the letters. This will help you when it comes to connecting them to form words.
  2.  Pay attention to how the letters are written about one another. This will give you an idea of which letter goes before or after another.
  3.  Listen to native speakers pronouncing words and mimic their sounds. This is the best way to ensure you produce the correct sounds yourself.

Arabic Alphabet Simple Words

In the Arabic alphabet, simple words contain only three letters. These words are called “triliteral” words. 

The most common triliteral word is “alif,” which is the first letter of the Arabic alphabet. 

Other trilateral words include “baa,” “that,” and “jeem.” While these words may be simple, they are essential to learning Arabic.

  • A – أ – a
  • All – الجميع – aljamie
  • Am – أكون – ‘akun
  • And – و – w
  • At – في – fi
  • Ball – كرة – kura
  • Be – يكون – yakun
  • Bed – سرير – sarir
  • Big – كبير – kabir
  • Book – الكتاب – alkitab
  • Box – علبة – eulba
  • Boy – ولد – wulid
  • But – ولكن – walakin
  • Came – أتى – ‘ataa
  • Can – يستطيع – yastatie
  • Car – جمل – jamal
  • Cat – قطة – qita
  • Come – يأتي – yati
  • Cow – بقرة – baqara
  • Dad – أب – ‘ab
  • Day – يوم – yawm
  • Did – فعلت – faealt
  • Do – يفعل – yafeal
  • Dog – كلب – kalb
  • Fat – سمين – samin
  • For – إلى عن على – ‘iilaa ean ealaa
  • Fun – مرح – marah
  • Get – احصل على – aihsul ealaa
  • Go – يذهب – yadhhab
  • Good – جيد – jyid
  • Got – حصلت – hasalat
  • Had – كان – kan
  • Hat – قبعة – qubea
  • He – هو – hu
  • Hen – دجاجة – dajaja
  • Here – هنا – huna
  • Him – له – lah
  • His – له – lah
  • Home – مسكن – muskan
  • Hot – حار – har
  • I – أنا – ‘ana
  • If – إذا – ‘iidhan
  • In – في – fi
  • Into – داخل – dakhil
  • Is – هو – hu
  • It – هو – هي – hu – hi
  • Its – انها – anaha
  • Let – يترك – yatrak
  • Like – يحب – yuhibu
  • Look – نظرة – nazra
  • Man – رجل – rajul
  • May – مايو – mayw
  • Me – أنا – ‘ana
  • Mom – أم – ‘um
  • My – لي – ly
  • No – رقم – raqm
  • Not – لا – la
  • Of – ل – l
  • Oh – أوه – ‘awh
  • Old – قديم – qadim
  • On – على – ealaa
  • One – واحد – wahid
  • Out – خارج – kharij
  • Pan – حرمان – hirman
  • Pet – حيوان أليف – hayawan ‘alif
  • Pig – خنزير – khinzir
  • Play – لعب – laeib
  • Ran – جرى – jaraa
  • Rat – فأر – far
  • Red – أحمر – ‘ahmar
  • Ride – يركب – yarkab
  • Run – يجري – yajri
  • Sat – جلس – jalas
  • See – نرى – naraa
  • She – هي – hi
  • Sit – يجلس – yajlis
  • Six – ستة – sita
  • So – لذا – lidha
  • Stop – قف – qf
  • Sun – شمس – shams
  • Ten – عشرة – eashra
  • The – ال – al
  • This – هذه – hadhih
  • To – إلى – ‘iilaa
  • Top – قمة – qima
  • Toy – عروسه لعبه – earusuh laeibah
  • Two – اثنين – aithnayn
  • Up – أعلى – ‘aelaa
  • Us – نحن – nahn
  • Was – كنت – kunt
  • We – نحن – nahn
  • Will – سوف – sawf
  • Yes – نعم – naeam
  • You – أنت – ‘ant

Arabic Alphabet Pronunciation

Mastering the Arabic alphabet isn’t as challenging as it might seem initially. With some dedicated practice, you’ll swiftly grasp reading and writing skills in Arabic.

Comprising 28 letters, the Arabic alphabet exclusively represents consonant sounds. These letters often exhibit dual forms, adapting to their placement at the outset, within, or culmination of words.

To acquire precise pronunciation of Arabic alphabet letters, immersing yourself in the speech of native speakers and consistent personal practice yields optimal results. Additionally, valuable online resources like audio recordings and videos can significantly aid your learning journey.


Does he play tennis? – هل يلعب التن؟ – hal yaleab altanasu?

The train leaves every morning at 18 AM. – يغادر القطار كل صباح الساعة 18 صباحًا. – yughadir alqitar kula sabah alsaaeat 18 sbahan.

Water freezes at 0°C. – يتجمد الماء عند 0 درجة مئوية. – yatajamad alma’ eind 0 darajat miawiati.

I love my new pets. – أنا أحب حيواناتي الأليفة الجديدة. – ‘ana ‘uhibu hayawanati al’alifat aljadidata.

They don’t go to school tomorrow. – لا يذهبون إلى المدرسة غدًا. – la yadhhabun ‘iilaa almadrasat ghdan.

We drink coffee every morning. – نشرب القهوة كل صباح. – nashrab alqahwat kula sabahi.

Arabic Letters Audio Clip

أ ب ت ث ج ح خ

د ذ ر ز س ش ص

ض ط ظ ع غ ف ق

ك ل م ن هـ و ي

We’ll go over each letter of the alphabet and provide a small audio clip so you can hear how it’s pronounced. By the end of this article, you can confidently say all 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet.

Arabic Alphabet Chart for American Kids 

Many schools in the United States are now teaching kids the Arabic alphabet. This is because there is a growing number of Muslim families in America. 

Often, these kids are the only ones in their class who know how to read and write in Arabic. That’s why we’ve put together this handy Arabic alphabet chart for American kids.

This chart includes all 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet and their English equivalents. We’ve also included some basic pronunciation guidelines to help your child start.

Learning the Arabic alphabet is a great way for your child to connect with their heritage. 

It can also help them better understand the Qur’an and other Islamic texts. So start today and let your child explore the fascinating world of the Arabic language!


The Arabic alphabet may initially seem confusing, but it is quite simple once you get the hang of it. Here are some frequently asked questions about the Arabic alphabet to help you get started.

Question (1) – How Many Letters In Arabic? 

Answer: Did you know that the Arabic alphabet consists of 28 letters? Each letter has a different sound and meaning and is written differently depending on where it appears in a word. 

The Arabic alphabet is used in many languages, including Persian, Urdu, and Pashto.

Question (2) – What is the Arabic alphabet’s fourth letter?

Answer – The Arabic alphabet’s fourth letter is called “the.” It is pronounced like the “th” sound in English. Theh is used to represent the number four in Arabic.

Question (3) – What are some common uses for the Arabic letters in the Qur’an and other religious texts?

Answer: There are various ways in which Arabic letters are used in religious texts, most commonly in the Qur’an. One way is to use them as symbols of certain concepts or ideas. 

For example, the letter “alif” is often used to represent the unity of God. Another common use for Arabic letters is to create words with special meanings within the context of the religious text.

Question (4) – How can I learn Arabic letters?

Answer: People have different learning styles, so there is no universal answer.

However, some suggestions for learning Arabic letters include studying with a tutor or taking a class, practicing writing the letters independently, or using online resources or Arabic websites/apps.

Question (5) – How do you say “I” in Arabic?

Answer: In Arabic, the word for “I” is يا (pronounced yā). This word is used as a standalone pronoun and a prefix to other words to create possessive forms. 

For example, the word for “my” in Arabic is ياي (pronounced yāy), which means “I-my.

Conclusion Points 

How Many Letters In The Arabic Alphabet?The Arabic alphabet, comprising twenty-eight letters, stands as the conventional script employed for written Arabic. It is pertinent to note that while some spoken Arabic dialects employ the same alphabet, this is not universally applicable.

Furthermore, the Arabic alphabet’s significance extends beyond its written application; it also serves as the script for recording spoken Arabic in select dialects. Remarkably, this alphabet holds the distinction of being the pioneer in representing a Semitic language.

The alphabet was first used to write the Arabic language during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century CE. 

The Arab world uses the same alphabet to write Modern Standard Arabic, which is used in books, newspapers, television, and radio.

Arabic Alphabet PDF Download

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