How Many Consonants In English Alphabets

How Many Consonants In English Alphabets 2024

Did you know that there’s a secret about the English language that has yet to be found out? Get ready for a big surprise as we go deep into the world of consonants and find out what will happen in 2024 that no one saw coming.

How Many Consonants In English Alphabets

Get ready to question everything you thought you knew about the English language because we’re about to go on a trip full of amazing and strange things about the language. From secret patterns to different ways to say consonants, you’re in for an interesting ride that will make you see them in a whole new way.

How Many Consonants In English Alphabets

The English alphabet consists of 26 letters, and out of these, 21 are consonants. Here’s a detailed list of the consonants in the English alphabet:

  1. B – Pronounced “bee”
  2. C – Pronounced “see” or “sea” (the sound varies)
  3. D – Pronounced “dee”
  4. F – Pronounced “eff”
  5. G – Pronounced “gee”
  6. H – Pronounced “aych” or “aytch”
  7. J – Pronounced “jay”
  8. K – Pronounced “kay”
  9. L – Pronounced “el”
  10. M – Pronounced “em”
  11. N – Pronounced “en”
  12. P – Pronounced “pee”
  13. Q – Pronounced “cue”
  14. R – Pronounced “ar” or “are”
  15. S – Pronounced “ess”
  16. T – Pronounced “tee”
  17. V – Pronounced “vee”
  18. W – Pronounced “double you”
  19. X – Pronounced “ex”
  20. Y – Pronounced “why”
  21. Z – Pronounced “zed” (in British English) or “zee” (in American English)

These consonants form the foundation of the English language and are combined with vowels to create words and sounds. It’s important to note that English pronunciation can be tricky, as some consonants may have different sounds depending on their placement within a word or their neighboring letters.

Additionally, English has a number of digraphs (combinations of two letters) that represent specific consonant sounds, such as “th,” “sh,” “ch,” and “ng.”

What Are The 21 Consonants

The English alphabet actually has 21 consonant letters. Here is the correct list of the 21 consonants in the English alphabet:

  1. B – Pronounced “bee”
  2. C – Pronounced “see” or “sea” (the sound varies)
  3. D – Pronounced “dee”
  4. F – Pronounced “eff”
  5. G – Pronounced “gee”
  6. H – Pronounced “aych” or “aytch”
  7. J – Pronounced “jay”
  8. K – Pronounced “kay”
  9. L – Pronounced “el”
  10. M – Pronounced “em”
  11. N – Pronounced “en”
  12. P – Pronounced “pee”
  13. Q – Pronounced “cue”
  14. R – Pronounced “ar” or “are”
  15. S – Pronounced “ess”
  16. T – Pronounced “tee”
  17. V – Pronounced “vee”
  18. W – Pronounced “double you”
  19. X – Pronounced “ex”
  20. Y – Pronounced “why”
  21. Z – Pronounced “zed” (in British English) or “zee” (in American English)

These consonants, when combined with vowels, form the building blocks of the English language and are used to create words and sounds.

24 Consonant Sounds With Examples

In English, there are 24 consonant sounds represented by various letters and letter combinations. Here is a breakdown of each consonant sound, along with examples:

1. /b/ – Voiced Bilabial Stop

  • Example: “bat,” “big,” “rabbit”

2. /p/ – Voiceless Bilabial Stop

  • Example: “pat,” “pen,” “happy,”

3. /d/ – Voiced Alveolar Stop

  • Example: “dog,” “dad,” “sudden”

4. /t/ – Voiceless Alveolar Stop

  • Example: “top,” “time,” “better”

5. /g/ – Voiced Velar Stop

  • Example: “go,” “get,” “big,”

6. /k/ – Voiceless Velar Stop

  • Example: “cat,” “kite,” “quick”

7. /v/ – Voiced Labiodental Fricative

  • Examples: “very,” “love,” “over.”

8. /f/ – Voiceless Labiodental Fricative

  • Example: “fun,” “coffee,” “off”

9. /ð/ – Voiced Dental Fricative

  • Example: “this,” “mother,” “either”

10. /θ/ – Voiceless Dental Fricative

  • Example: “think,” “math,” “both.”

11. /z/ – Voiced Alveolar Fricative

  • Example: “zebra,” “rose,” “crazy”

12. /s/ – Voiceless Alveolar Fricative

  • Example: “snake,” “sun,” “listen.”

13. /ʒ/ – Voiced Postalveolar Fricative

  • Example: “measure,” “vision,” “treasure.”

14. /ʃ/ – Voiceless Postalveolar Fricative

  • Example: “shoe,” “sure,” “mission.”

15. /m/ – Voiced Bilabial Nasal

  • Example: “man,” “time,” “calm.”

16. /n/ – Voiced Alveolar Nasal

  • Example: “nice,” “win,” “sunny.”

17. /ŋ/ – Voiced Velar Nasal

  • Example: “sing,” “long,” “song.”

18. /h/ – Voiceless Glottal Fricative

  • Example: “hat,” “help,” “hello.”

19. /l/ – Voiced Alveolar Lateral Approximant

  • Example: “love,” “hello,” “table”

20. /r/ – Voiced Alveolar Tap/Flap

  • Example: “red,” “car,” “butter.”

21. /w/ – Voiced Labiovelar Glide

  • Example: “way,” “swim,” “twist.”

22. /j/ – Voiced Palatal Glide

  • Example: “Yes,” “yellow,” “yacht.”

23. /ʔ/ – Glottal Stop (Unreleased T)

  • Example: “uh-oh,” “uh-huh,” “oh-oh”

24. /ʧ/ – Voiceless Postalveolar Affricate

  • Example: “church,” “cheese,” “catch.”

These 24 consonant sounds, combined with vowel sounds, form the basis of English pronunciation and allow us to create a wide range of words and expressions. Keep in mind that some of these sounds may vary slightly depending on regional accents and dialects.

List Of Consonants: Chart

In this chart:

  • Consonants are grouped by their initial sounds.
  • Each row represents a different starting sound.
  • The letters are listed in alphabetical order within each group.
  • Vowels and some less common consonants are omitted for simplicity.

This chart can help kids get familiar with consonant sounds and their alphabetical order. You can use it as a visual aid for teaching early literacy skills and spelling.

Learn Consonants Letters Effectively: A Practical Guide for American Kids

Learning consonant letters effectively is an important step in early literacy development for American kids. Here’s a practical guide to help children learn consonant letters:

Introduce One Letter at a Time:

Start by introducing one consonant letter at a time. Begin with the most commonly used letters like “S,” “T,” and “M.”

Use Visual Aids:

Utilize colorful and engaging visual aids. You can find alphabet posters, flashcards, or online resources that feature each letter alongside pictures of words that start with that letter.

Alphabet Songs:

Sing the alphabet song together. This classic tune helps kids remember the order of letters in the alphabet, including consonants.

Phonics Sounds:

Teach the phonetic sounds associated with each consonant. For example, “B” makes the “buh” sound, “C” makes the “kuh” or “ss” sound, and so on.

Letter Tracing:

Provide worksheets or practice books that allow kids to trace the shape of each consonant letter. This helps with letter recognition and fine motor skills.

Word Association:

Associate each consonant with simple words that start with that letter. For example, “D” can be associated with “dog,” “S” with “sun,” and “M” with “moon.”

Interactive Games:

Play interactive games that involve consonant recognition. For instance, you can play “I Spy” and ask your child to find objects in the room that start with a specific consonant.


Read alphabet books or stories that highlight consonant letters. Encourage your child to identify and point out the consonants as you read.

Practice Writing:

Provide opportunities for kids to practice writing consonant letters. Use lined paper or workbooks specifically designed for handwriting practice.

Repetition and Reinforcement:

Consistent practice and repetition are key. Review previously learned consonants regularly before introducing new ones.

Make it Fun:

Learning should be enjoyable for kids. Incorporate fun activities like puzzles, coloring, and games into your consonant lessons.

Celebrate Achievements:

Celebrate your child’s progress and achievements. Offer praise and small rewards to motivate them to continue learning.

Patience and Encouragement:

Be patient and encouraging. Every child learns at their own pace, so provide support and positive reinforcement.

Use Technology:

Consider using educational apps or online resources that are designed to teach consonant recognition and phonics.

Practice in Context:

Encourage your child to use consonants in writing and reading simple sentences. This helps them see the practical application of what they’ve learned.

Remember that learning consonants is just one step in the journey to becoming proficient readers and writers. Building a strong foundation in letter recognition and phonics will set the stage for future literacy skills.

Conclusion Points 

In conclusion, there are 21 sounds in the English alphabet. Even though this is a small number compared to the total number of sounds in the English language, each consonant is an important part of how words are made and how they communicate meaning. Whether it’s the hard “c” in “cat” or the soft “s” in “listen,” consonants help our language sound clear and make sense.

As a society, we keep changing and growing, so new consonant sounds may appear in the future. In the meantime, let’s enjoy and celebrate the beauty of the vowels we already have as we move through the English language world.


1. The English alphabet has how many consonants?

The English alphabet has 21 sounds.

2. Is the number of consonants the same as the number of vowels?

No, vowels and consonants are two different types of sounds. The English language has five vowels.

3. Can you tell me what all the sounds are?

Sure! The letters B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, and Z are all consonants in the English script.

4. Is there a difference in how consonants are used between American and British English?

Most of the time, no. The sounds used in American English and British English are the same.

5. How do you know if a letter is a vowel or a consonant?

Vowels are sounds that are made with the vocal tract open and without anything blocking the breath from the lungs. Consonants involve blocking or limiting the flow of air in some way.

6. Is there a letter that can be both a vowel and a consonant?

Yes! The letter Y can be a vowel (like in the word “sky”) or a consonant (like in the word “yellow”).

7. Is it possible for languages other than English to have more or less consonants?

Yes, for sure! Some languages have more consonant sounds than others. This is because their pronunciation systems are different.

8. Does every language have an alphabet with a set amount of consonants and vowels, like English?

No, not every tongue is written with letters like English. Some languages may have more or less letters than others to represent their sounds.

Similar Posts